Nursery and Reception (EYFS) - https://www.foundationyears.org.uk/files/2012/03/Development-Matters-FINAL-PRINT-AMENDED.pdf
Years 1 and 2 (KS1) and Years 3, 4, 5 and 6 (KS2) - https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/425601/PRIMARY_national_curriculum.pdf
Nursery and Reception (EYFS)
At Grove communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations (DFE Statutory Framework, Outcomes and Development Matters 2013).
Years 1 and 2 (KS1) Years 3, 4, 5 and 6 (KS2)
In KS1 and KS2 the quality and variety of language that pupils hear and speak are vital for developing their vocabulary and grammar and their understanding for reading and writing. Teachers ensure the continual development of pupils’ confidence and competence in spoken language and listening skills. Children develop a capacity to explain their understanding of books and other reading, and to prepare their ideas before they write. They are assisted in making their thinking clear to themselves as well as to others and teachers ensure that pupils build secure foundations by using discussion to probe and remedy their misconceptions. Pupils are also taught to understand and use the conventions for discussion and debate. All pupils participate in and gain knowledge, skills and understanding associated with the artistic practice of drama. Pupils adopt, create and sustain a range of roles, responding appropriately to others in role. They have opportunities to improvise, devise and script drama for one another and a range of audiences, as well as to rehearse, refine, share and respond thoughtfully to drama and theatre performances (DFE National Curriculum 2014).
What is phonics?
Phonics is a way of teaching reading, writing and spelling based around hearing and identifying letter sounds and matching them to letters or letter patterns (Letters and Sounds 2013).
At Grove, the scheme we use to teach phonics is Jolly Phonics.
The teaching of the 42 letter sounds starts in nursery in the autumn term.
Jolly Phonics is a comprehensive programme, based on the proven, fun and multi-sensory synthetic phonics method that gets children reading and writing from an early age.
Search Jolly Phonics Letter Sounds (British English) on YouTube to watch and listen to the accurate articulation of each phoneme.
For more information, please see your child's class teacher or visit:
Useful websites to practise phonics at home:
This is the order of phonemes (letter sounds) in which they are taught linked to the matching colour book children will read in school and at home. You can also see the age-related expectations for each year group.
Letters and sounds phonics glossary
At Grove school we use these words when we teach phonics. Children will learn these words in the classroom and you can use these words with your children at home.
At school we call this a phase 2 phoneme mat. Children use this to identify phase 2 letter sounds and use them in their writing. Children use the pictures to help them hear and say the first sound.
At school we call this a phase 3 phoneme mat. Children use this to identify phase 3 letter sounds and use them in their writing. The pictures give an example of the letter sound in a word.
At school we call this a phase 4 mat. Children use this to identify phase 4 blends and clusters. Children use them in their writing. The pictures give an example of the blends and clusters in a word.
At school we call this a phase 5 phoneme mat. Children use this to identify phase 5 letter sounds and use them in their writing. The pictures give an example of the letter sound in a word.
Children learn to read, retell and really understand.
At Grove, children in EYFS and KS1 read from the Hero Academy and Project X reading schemes. Hero Academy and Project X Origins guided reading books are used in daily guided reading sessions. The Project X Adventures and Rocket Phonics books are used as home readers. The reading books children bring home are closely matched to what they are learning in phonics lessons and to the reading books they read in lessons.
Children in KS2 read from the Navigator and Comets reading schemes. Home reading books are changed weekly in EYFS, KS1 and KS2.
For more information, please see your child's class teacher or visit:
Useful websites to practise your reading at home:
Reading in EYFS
This is the KS1 and KS2 reading progression grid. You can see what the children learn from Year 1 to Year 6.
At Grove school we call this the high frequency word checklist. Children begin learning to read phase 2 words in Nursery. Children learn to read these words quickly by sight. Once children are able to read all the words in a phase, quickly by sight, they receive a phonics badge.
100 high-frequency words in phases
Once children are able to read all phase 2-5 words, they move onto the 200 common words
This is called the Year 1 and 2 common exception words list. Children in Years 1 and 2 learn to read and spell these words correctly.
This is called the Year 3 and 4 word list. Children in Years 3 and 4 learn to read and spell these words correctly.
This is called the Year 5 and 6 word list. Children in Years 5 and 6 learn to read and spell these words correctly.
At Grove we call this our reading ladder. Children in Years 1 and 2 use this during Guided Reading to help them answer questions about their book correctly.
These are two of the KS2 reading ladders. Children in Years 3, 4, 5 and 6 use these during Guided Reading to help them answer questions about their book correctly.
At Grove we also use reading content domains to support children to read, retell and really understand.
The reading content domains set out the relevant elements from the National Curriculum for English at key stage 1 and 2, that are assessed in the English reading test, and that children are asked to demonstrate to show they understand the text being read.
These are the KS1 content domains.
These are the KS2 content domains.
Children handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing. Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible (DFE Statutory Framework, Outcomes and Development Matters 2013).
KS1 and KS2
The programmes of study for writing at key stages 1 and 2 are constructed similarly to those for reading:
transcription (spelling and handwriting)
composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing).
It is essential that pupils develop competence in these two dimensions. In addition, pupils are taught how to plan, revise and evaluate their writing. These aspects of writing have been incorporated into the programmes of study for composition.
Writing down ideas fluently depends on effective transcription: that is, on spelling quickly and accurately through knowing the relationship between sounds and letters (phonics) and understanding the morphology (word structure) and orthography (spelling structure) of words.
Effective composition involves forming, articulating and communicating ideas, and then organising them coherently for a reader. This requires clarity, awareness of the audience, purpose and context, and an increasingly wide knowledge of vocabulary and grammar. Writing also depends on fluent, legible and, eventually, speedy handwriting (DFE National Curriculum 2014).
Useful websites to practise your writing at home:
At Grove we support children to develop a tripod grip.
These are the lower case letter formation rhymes. Children use these rhymes to help them form their letters correctly.
These are the letter formation rhymes for capital letters. Children use these rhymes to help them form their letters correctly.
Writing in EYFS.
This is the KS1 and KS2 writing progression grid. You can see what the children learn from Year 1 to Year 6.
Please use the link below to get to know what Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar (SPAG) terms your children are learning at Grove.